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Fatehpur Sikri

Fatehpur Sikri (The Ghost Town)

Fatehpur Sikri was built in 16th centuryby the Mughal Emperor Akbar. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Fatehpur Sikriid 36km away from Agra, it stands as the evidence of the rich Mughal culture and civilization. There are several historical monuments which are built of red sandtone. You can see a glimpse of Persian, Indo-Muslim and hindu traditions in the architecture of the monuments. All the monuments of the city arebeautifully decorated withintricate works, which shows the skills of the artisans of those times.Some of the major monuments include Diwan-i-Am, which was earlier the hall of public audience, the pavilion of Anup Talao,Ranch Mahal,the palace of Jodha Bai,and the palace of Birbal. There are many religious monuments in the city such as BulandDarwaza,Anup Talao,Mariam-Uz-Zamani Palace, Jama Masjid, IbadatKhana, and Hujra-i-Anup Talao.

The best time of the year to visit Fatehpur Sikri is from the month of November to April. Rest of the months weather becomes very hot and dry.

Architecture:

Fatehpur Sikri building has been constructed with the local quarried red sandstone, also known as 'Sikri Sandstone'. The structure shows a blend of craftsmanship of Bengal and Gujarat.Fatehpur Sikri have the best examples of Hindu, jain and muslim architecture. The monuments shows rich and glorious past of the city.

Ram Bagh:

Ram bagh is the oldest garden in India. It is situated 5km away from majestic Taj Mahal, Agra. It was built in year 1528 by the Mughal Emperor Babur, as an amusement garden and for the purpose of relaxation. The garden showcases the love of the Mughals for the nature.Ram bagh is a Persian Gard that represents Islamic idea of paradise through divided canals and pathways. The garden has three layers so that they can offer a beautiful and tranquil ambience to all the visitors.The best time of the year to visit the garden is from the month of October to March. It remains open from sunrise till sunset.

Mehtab Bagh:

Mehtab garden is situated on the northern side of the Taj Mahal. It is a beautiful garden complex which is also known as 'Moonlight Garden'. The complex is situated on the opposite side of the river Yamuna, it is just like an extension to the gardens of the Taj Mahal. Emperor Babur originally set up the garden, so that the visitors can enjoy a great view of taj mahal from the garden. The best time of the day to visit the garden would be evening, as you can watch the sunset which is immensely beautiful. Mehtab Garden is open throughout the day.

Buland Darwaza:

The BulandDarwaza was built in the early part of the 17th century. It is also known as the “Great gate”, it was built to honour Emperor Akbar's victory over Gujarat. Typical Persian-Mughal architectural designs are shown in the monument. The BulandDarwaza is situated at the southern entrance of the city.

The BulandDarwaza has a Persian inscriotion , which records Akbar's conquest over Gujarat in the year 1601.. The Persian inscription is said to signify the open mindset of Akbar.

The monument flips backthe pages of India's rich The construction of BulandDarwazais done by red and beige sandstone. The interior is done bywhite and black marble carvings this structure is topped by pillars and chhatris and is symmetrically planned

Chini Ka Rauza:

The monument which was built in the reign of Shah Jahan as a funerary monument, it was built in year 1635 and it is considered as one of the finest examples of lustrous tile work, called chini in Mughal era buildings.

Allama Afzal Khan Mullah tomb is inside the monument. Indo-Persian architecture is shown in the monument, the colorful tiles or chini fromwhich the monument gets its name is the most distinctive feature of the tomb. The walls of the tomb are decorated with colourful tiles and inscriptions which enhance the beauty of the structure.

Panch Mahal:

King Akbar built a pleasure palace for himself know as The Panch Mahal, it is a beautiful five storey building. The mahal wasspecially constructed to cater to the emperor's queens and princess, king Akbar used to relax and unwind. The palace had number of entertainment options. The Panch Mahal was located very near to Anup Talao, which was a water tank built by King Akbar. It was used to store and distribute water.

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